The rabbit is found throughout most of Western Europe. They are not native to Britain as they were introduced by the Normans in the 12th century for their, then much-prized, fur and meat. It is now widespread in habitats which provide suitable vegetation for grazing and well drained ground for burrowing, or other suitable harbourage.
It lives communally with other rabbits, usually in a system of burrows, known as a warren. Some or all of the entrances may be hidden away in dense vegetation. Rabbits will also live under sheds, amongst rubble and in piles of dead tree roots and branches.
Females born early in the year may start to breed at 3-4 months. The gestation period is 28-30 days, with an average of 5 young per litter and females may produce 4-5 litters per year.
Damage from rabbits can result from both digging and feeding activities. In extreme cases of damage from digging, rabbit burrows can undermine embankments and structures resulting in collapse. More commonly, burrows and scrapes damage the surface of high quality amenity grasslands such as golf courses, bowling greens and cricket pitches.